The biggest difference between the long haired German Shepherd and the short haired German Shepherd is the length of the coat. The long coated German Shepherd simply has longer hair in the coat.
A long coated German shepherd's hair is very soft and parts along the back of the dog. There are ear tufts and fringe and long hair between the toes of a long coated German shepherd and they have big bushy tails and huge pantaloons. It's easy to spot a long coated German shepherd puppy because of the ear tufts and fringe.
Long coated German Shepherds also do not have an undercoat, which does not make them waterproof like the short haired German shepherd. The unique fact is that long coated German Shepherds do not shed hairs as much as the short haired German Shepherds.
The long-hair gene is recessive, making the long-hair variety rarer. It is treated a "fault" in the variety of German Sheperd dogs in American Kennel Club.
Height: 22 to 26 Inches (0.56 to 0.66 m)
Weight: 48 to 88 pounds (22 to 40 Kg)
Their fore-head is domed. They have a long square-cut muzzle and a black nose. The jaws are strong, with a scissor-like bite. The eyes are medium-sized and brown with a lively and intelligent look. The ears are large, erect and open at the front and parallel, they are often pulled back during movement. They have a long neck, which rises when excited and lowers when moving at a fast pace. The tail is bushy and reaches to the hock.
German Shepherds can be in a variety of colors, the most common of which are the tan and black and red and black varieties. Both varieties have black masks and saddles. Rarer variations include the sable, all-Black, all-White, liver and blue varieties. The all-Black variety is mostly acceptable; however, the blue and liver are considered as serious faults and the all-White has grounds for instant disqualification in some standards. This is because the white coat is more visible, making the dog a poor guard dog, and is harder to see in conditions such as snow.
German Shepherds are highly active dogs, fearless. These breeds are willing to learn whatever they are taught. Shepherds are very protective of their family and territory, especially if not socialized correctly. Due to their loyal nature, Shepherds bond well with children they know. Shepherds do not become immediate friends with strangers.
German Shepherds are highly obedient pets and not easily distracted, but due to their self-strong will, they must be trained by a firm hand. One has to keep this in mind while adopting a German shepherd.