There are plenty of scrapes that cats and other pets can get themselves into. On some occasions this will result in a severe injury such as a hip fracture. Being hit by a car is one common cause. There are a number of signs to watch for. There is likely to be obvious signs of trauma to the area as well as damage to other areas. The movement of the cat will be impaired and it may be in shock. In some cases surgery will be needed to put things right. However, in some cases it is not so serious, and with the proper restriction of movement and pain relief, the hip of the cat can recover on its own.
Cats may suffer trauma in a variety of ways from bumps and collisions. Car accidents are the most likely cause of the hip fracture. One of the main signs to look out for in cases of hip fracture in cats is the trauma to that area. Although an accident will probably see more widespread damage as well. The motion of the animal will be very noticeably impaired. In the period after the accident the cat may well also be in shock.
There are several things that will need to be done in diagnosing the hip fracture in the animal. A full examination of the animal’s looking at all the various bumps and scrapes and checks for trauma and loss of blood and infection and so on will be required. To diagnose the hip fracture itself a radiograph of the area can be used. A neurological examination looking at the sciatic nerves near to the area could also be important to decide on the appropriateness of surgery.
Early on after an accident the treatment will be aimed more at pain relief and making sure that any wound is dealt with properly. But once stable, the issue of the hip fracture itself can be addressed. Where the area of the pelvis known as the acetabulum, where the pelvis and femur meet, is not damaged then a bone plate and screws could be used. Reconstruction of this area will be needed if it is damaged. Pain relief medication will also be needed.
In some cases there is no need for surgical intervention. Treatment for a cat’s hip fracture in these cases will involve restricting the activity of the animal either under supervision, or else confined. This should give the bone the chance to heal. Pain relief could also be needed. This might involve anti-inflammatories or analgesics.