Cats can suffer internal bleeding as a result of several different causes. One of the most common ones is trauma that has been caused by a car accident. Other possible reasons are tumours, haematomas, and the ingestion of coagulants. Bruising is one obvious sign to look for, but other possible symptoms could include breathing difficulties and distended abdomen. The cat may also become weak and fall over. In extreme cases the condition is fatal. Treatment will begin by attempting to stop the bleeding and restore the fluid balance. But beyond that the cause of the problem may also need to be treated in an appropriate way also.
With cats free to roam as they do there will inevitably be times when they suffer some injury or other. Although this will usually be just a bump or a scratch, in serious cases this could involve internal bleeding. Car accidents are one common cause of trauma. But there are also medical problems that could lead to internal bleeding such as the cancer of the blood vessels known as hemangiosarcoma, or the blood filled spaces outside of blood vessels called haematomas. The cat’s consumption of an anti-coagulant such as warfarin, could also cause a problem with internal bleeding.
The symptoms of internal bleeding in cats will be different for each of these possible causes. But things to watch out for include obvious symptoms of an accident such as bruises, broken skin, broken bones, and limping. The loss of blood may also lead to the gums and the lips of the cat to drain of colour somewhat, and the cat may become weak and eventually fall down. A distended abdomen and breathing difficulties may also appear.
All of these symptoms may be useful in allowing the diagnosis of internal bleeding. But it will be important to identify the cause of the problem and explore the insides of the cat to see where the bleeding is occurring. The first aspect of treatment is to make sure that the bleeding stops and the levels of blood and other fluids are returned to normal levels. This could involve providing the cat with a blood transfusion, oxygen, intravenous fluid, and Vitamin K, for example.
Dealing with the underlying cause of the internal bleeding is also important. If an internal organ has been damaged by trauma then this might require emergency surgery. Other surgery that may be needed includes treatment for a cancerous growth or a haematoma, for instance. If you still want to allow your cat to go out to explore there is little that can be done in preventative terms. Although making sure that the cat can’t get into a substance containing an anti-coagulant could help.