Internal bleeding in dogs can be caused in a variety of ways. It could be the result of a car accident, for example. But tumours, haematomas, and coagulopathies could all result in this problem. Symptoms of internal bleeding in dogs to look for includes things like bruising, breathing difficulties, and weakness, with the dog perhaps even collapsing. Treatment should be sought quickly as internally bleeding could be fatal to your dog. The treatment will depend on the cause but could involve intravenous fluid therapy or a blood transfusion, for example.
Dogs will always get into mischief and some of it can be pretty dangerous. One of the problems that can result from an incident of trauma, such as being hit by a car, is internal bleeding. But there are other potential causes as well. Tumours are one possibility. Hemangiosarcoma, which is cancer of the blood vessels, is a particularly common and aggressive type of cancer that can cause internal bleeding. Haematomas, blood-filled spaces outside of blood vessels, are another possible cause. Internally bleeding could also be caused by the dog consuming something with anti-coagulant properties, such as the warfarin that is found in rat poison.
The particular symptoms that the dog has will depend upon the cause. So if the dog has been injured in an accident you would expect to see bruising and perhaps broken bones or limping, for example. The internal loss of blood is also likely to lead to symptoms such as weakness, with the dog eventually collapsing. The gums and lips of the dog may also become pale. Other possible symptoms are breathing difficulty and distended abdomen.
Before treating Diagnosis of internal bleeding could use all of these symptoms as a starting point. But the cause of the problem needs to be identified as well. This will determine the course of treatment that will be needed. One aspect of treatment will be to stop the internal bleeding and return the levels of blood. Intravenous fluid therapy and blood transfusion could both be used. Oxygen and Vitamin K could also be needed. Pain medication may well also be needed.
But the underlying cause of the problem needs to be dealt with as well. If there is damage to an internal organ this might require surgery, for example. If there is a tumour or a haematoma then this might also need removal. Some causes can be prevented, such as training a dog to refrain from running into the road, or stopping it from getting into potentially dangerous substances.