Uterine prolapse in cats: Signs and treatments
Uterus is a muscular organ that functions mainly to support the developing fetus. Protrusion of the uterus through the cervix is known as uterine prolapse. Small animals rarely suffer from this condition. However, it does occur in some female cats.
Uterine prolapse can affects cats of all breeds and all ages. Commonly it occurs immediately following a delivery due to the increased force of contractions. It is also seen in cases of spontaneous abortions.
Causes of uterine prolapse in cats:
Difficult birth, also known as dystocia.
Pulling the retained fetal membranes with excessive force.
Forces extraction of the fetus, performed manually.
Inflammation of the uterus which causes excessive straining by the cat.
Excessive straining in an attempt to expel the retained tissue of the placenta.
Things to look for:
A protruding tissue mass seen at the vulva.
Licking the vulvar area too much Pain in the abdomen Increased restlessness
A vaginal discharge Excessive straining
Self mutilation of the hind legs
Bleeding that range from moderate to severe
Diagnosis of uterine prolapse:
The baseline investigations are performed by your veterinarian, which include a complete blood count (CBC), a biochemical profile, and a urinalysis. Some additional tests can also be performed by the veterinarian.
A thorough inspection and examination of the genital area.
The examination shows an obvious picture of a mass protruding from the vagina.
A partial prolapse typically requires a Digital (finger) examination.
Vaginoscopy, which refers to visualization of the vagina internally using a scope.
It is important to differentiate between a uterine prolapse and a vaginal prolapse.
In older cats, sometimes biopsy is taken of the mss in order to exclude the diagnosis of a possible cancer.
Treatment of uterine prolapse in cats:
The aim of the treatment options available for uterine prolapse is to return the uterus back to its anatomical position as well as to eliminate any infection, if present, of the uterus. In some cases, immediate hospitalization and intervention is necessary.
Adequate fluids and electrolytes are given through the intravenous route in order to prevent dehydration.
Antibiotics should be started immediately
In cases where the affected cat comes into the category of a valuable breeding animal and the prolapsed uterus appears to be healthy, an attempt can be made to save the uterus.
Uterus needs to be cleaned thoroughly before manually replacing it back into its position.
In cases extensive damage has occurred, it is recommended to do ovariohysterectomy.